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Science explains why we love chocolate

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Researchers have discovered that stimulating a group of neurons responding to social stress increases the desire to consume candy like chocolate, while reducing the desire for fat.

The next time chocolate or candy captivates you, do not be too hard with yourself. It may well be that your brain is at least partly responsible. This is at least what a study published in the journal Cell Reports reports. A Japanese team discovered that by stimulating stress-sensitive neurons in mice, the mice consumed up to three times more sugar.

The team at the National Institute of Physiological Sciences in Aichi Prefecture, Japan, has decided to focus on an enzyme that activates to regulate metabolism when the body is low on energy. The researchers found that activation of this enzyme in the rodent brain caused CRH (corticotropin-releasing hormone) secretion, a stress-related hormone, in a group of neurons in the hypothalamus.

Once these CRH neurons were activated, the team was able to note a change in the dietary patterns of the mice. While their fat intake dropped by almost half, their absorption of sugary rations became three times higher than that of mice in controlled conditions. “This study is the first to show how the brain plays a role in the preference for carbohydrates or fats,” says Yasuhiko Minokoshi, a co-author cited by AFP.

A more complex selection mode

Humans generally select their food based on their tastes and the state of the body’s nutritional resources. Nevertheless, the discovery of this mechanism tells us more about how we select foods. ” Many people who eat too much sugar tend to blame themselves for not knowing how to control their cravings,” adds Minokoshi. “But if they learn that their neurons are responsible, they may be more lenient with themselves.”

This research paves the way towards a better understanding of our eating behaviors and disorders such as obesity. Nevertheless, there is no question of using this knowledge to create new diet methods at the moment: the deliberate interruption of activity in these neurons could have serious side effects, because they have several important functions, emphasizes the author.

William Stiff

A graduate of Georgia State University and a registered practitioner with the Physical Therapy Association of Georgia, William has held a long career as a physical therapist and has maintained a life-long interest in medical research and discovery. He writes for Micell News during his spare time, submitting a story whenever he comes across research that he feels is worth reporting. Outside of his career, William is also a passionate woodworker and painter.

3286 Heavner Avenue, Conyers Georgia, 30207
Ph: 770-785-5619
Email: [email protected]
William Stiff
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Medical Research

Как построить сайт-визитку беспричинно?

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Сайт-визитка – веб-ресурс для привлечения внимания аудитории к бренду, индивиду, услуге, товару или кое-чему ещё. В поддержку абсолютно любой коммерческой деятельности стоит издавать сайт-визитку. Клиника, адвокат, организатор мероприятий, фотограф, строитель, туристическое агентс, автомастерская, разработчик, дизайнер, марку, клининговая занятие, салон красоты – мизерная доля примеров ниш, которые допускается и надо продвигать с помощью сайта-визитки, такую как. Что всё это даёт? Сайт делает лучше репутацию бизнеса, популяризует его, увеличивает доходность за счёт привлечения свежеиспеченных клиентов. Однажды созданный, он будет беспрерывно работать на благо торговой марки или продвижение личного бренда. Вложения срока и финансовых средств в изделие визитки очень быстро окупаются. Сайт-визитку выгодно причем даже интересно готовить самостоятельно. Речь идёт об простейшем образе сайта. Получив на руки хороший сайтостроительный инструмент, лично вы за пару дней или же неделю осуществляете всё в лучшем виде. Будете гордиться из себя. И главное – сам понимать, как именно там всё обделано, сможете оперативно добавлять да и обновлять информацию по мере необходимости.

В первую очередь для вас потребуется дизайнер сайтов или CMS WordPress как наиболее простая да и подходящая перрон своего формата. Для начала нужно прикинуть, что-нибудь будет сверху вашем веб-сайте. Информация о компании или же о таких людей как вы, описание услуг/продуктов, преимуществ рекомендации, цены, какие-то сертификаты и лицензии, таблицы, фотографии, видео и, может, что-то ещё. Зависит от семейства деятельности – вам представительней, что требуется. Чем поподробнее опишите важные моменты, конкретнее, интереснее продемонстрируете выгоды от сотрудничества вместе с вами, для тех лучше. Получите и распишите больше обращений. Мы с себя предложим несколько благополучных вариантов инженеров (чуть ниже). Сможете ознакомиться с их полными обзорами либо разом протестировать. Что же бы вы ни выбрали, последовательность поступков по созданию визитки в них будет схожей. Немного отличается вариация с Вордпресс. Чтобы упростить подход к CMS, выбирайте хостинг вместе с оптимизированным под этот двигатель тарифным планом – лучший вариант, признанный самими прогонять WordPress, – хостинг-провайдер Bluehost. Желая трудится с представленной системой, идите сразу для , там получите всё необходимое. Пошаговая руководство

Если вам нужны партнёры, сделайте единичную страницу для. Опишите вполне вероятные варианты совместной работы с вами лично и выгоды, которые такое может принести. Там же расскажите об акциях, оптовых скидках, всяческий особых предложениях, кабы они у вас есть. Можно и еще опубликовать отклики клиентов, коль скоро это в самый раз для вашей деятельности. Если идеально, это должны быть настоящие отклики клиентов вместе с реальными фотокарточки. Также не навредит добавить форму онлайн-консультанта да и установить виджет калькулятора в угоду сайта. Эти вещи добавляют веса восприятию сайта да и способны приносить клиентов. В интересах обработки множества заявок/заказов можно конечно подключить CRM-систему. Рекомендуем смертельный и дневниксайт. Так вы увеличите количество страниц и текстовый круг сайта. Это конечно положительно отразится на ранжировании в искательских системах. Сколько? Трудно выговорить наверняка, без счету факторов. Но точно появится лучше. Пропишите что-то интересное, связанное с вашей нишей. Насчёт SEO-оптимизации текстов никак не заморачивайтесь. В предметных заметках невозможно огибать хостинг купить тематические ключевые слова, всё получится само собой. Визитка обязалась заинтересовывать людей, не своих людей с вашим бизнесом, а еще информировать которые есть клиентов об изменениях в ассортименте товаров/услуг, ценах, акциях и остальном.

William Stiff

A graduate of Georgia State University and a registered practitioner with the Physical Therapy Association of Georgia, William has held a long career as a physical therapist and has maintained a life-long interest in medical research and discovery. He writes for Micell News during his spare time, submitting a story whenever he comes across research that he feels is worth reporting. Outside of his career, William is also a passionate woodworker and painter.

3286 Heavner Avenue, Conyers Georgia, 30207
Ph: 770-785-5619
Email: [email protected]
William Stiff
Continue Reading

Medical Research

Scientists discover a surprising effect of breast milk

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Many scientific studies extol the nutritional benefits of breast milk. But here’s a surprising new hypothesis: it would also allow babies to differentiate day and night and develop their circadian rhythm.

Let’s start at the beginning: every woman is free to decide whether or not to breastfeed her child. This is a personal choice and the fact that a mother wants it or not, and even may or may not breastfeed her baby, is not something that should be forced. That being said, five American researchers have just made an astonishing discovery about breast milk: beyond nutrition, it would also bring newborns a certain amount of information and may play a role in the development of the circadian rhythm of the child, for breast milk would not be composed in the same way in the morning as in the evening.

The composition of breast milk varies

Scientists at the University of California have observed that morning milk is on average three times more concentrated in cortisol than in the evening. This hormone is associated with stress and would make the milk at the beginning of the day more energizing.

In the evening, however, the milk would contain more melatonin, also known as “sleep hormone.” This would make breastmilk at the end of the day more calming, and mean to the newborn that it’s time to sleep.

“These observed differences in children’s diets may explain why there is such variability in the development of the daily rhythm from one child to another,” says Dr. Jennifer Hahn-Holbrook, lead author of this study. And that might explain why some babies do their nights fast, while others wake up their parents in the middle of the night sometimes many months after birth.

Rethinking breastfeeding

For researchers, this is also a sign that we need to rethink the way we feed infants, especially for women who choose to draw their milk. “Giving a baby a bottle of milk in the morning at night, with its high level of cortisol and low level of melatonin, could be the nutritional equivalent of turning on the light just before going to bed,” they write.

If this proves to be true, “there is a simple solution” reassure the scientists. “Mothers can, for example, label their milk according to the time at which it was fired and coordinate the bottles by giving morning milk in the morning, and evening milk at night.”

As the researchers point out, however, this is only preliminary work and additional studies will test this theory. But if it turns out to be true, it could be important information to know to optimize the feeding of your child.

William Stiff

A graduate of Georgia State University and a registered practitioner with the Physical Therapy Association of Georgia, William has held a long career as a physical therapist and has maintained a life-long interest in medical research and discovery. He writes for Micell News during his spare time, submitting a story whenever he comes across research that he feels is worth reporting. Outside of his career, William is also a passionate woodworker and painter.

3286 Heavner Avenue, Conyers Georgia, 30207
Ph: 770-785-5619
Email: [email protected]
William Stiff
Continue Reading

Medical Research

Alzheimer’s disease could be transmissible during a neurosurgery operation

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In the brains of eight patients treated years ago by growth hormones, a British neurologist found protein linked to the onset of Alzheimer’s disease. This is a discovery that revives the debate on the transmissibility of neurodegenerative pathology, and which also highlights the need for better disinfection of instruments used in neurosurgery.

Nothing proves at the moment that Alzheimer’s disease is contagious. Researchers have come to the contrary to reveal that eight patients treated decades ago by growth hormones had received, at the same time, a protein related to the appearance of the neurodegenerative pathology. You may read about the study in the Nature journal here.

At a press conference, the neurologist John Collinge of University College London announced at the time of the discovery that they have detected in the brain and the vessels of patients aged thirty years a substance called “beta-amyloid,” a peptide that accumulates outside nerve cells in the form of plaques in Alzheimer’s patients.

Too young for such an amount of beta-amyloid protein to be naturally present in their body, the eight patients had all received, in the past, injections of growth hormones.

Old samples studied closely

To determine the possible role of these hormones in the important presence of beta-amyloid in these eight patients, John Collinge and his team were interested in the hormones that were injected to them several decades ago. Samples were preserved in powder form. This unexpected discovery raises many questions about the possibility of transmission of Alzheimer’s disease. There is a trail that researchers now plan to explore in greater depth by examining the possibility that another protein (Tau protein, modified in the case of Alzheimer’s disease) is linked to neurodegenerative disease.

Surgical precautions needed

While waiting to learn more, the neurologist recommends caution with respect to certain surgical practices. If his findings are confirmed, neurosurgery instruments could potentially be the vectors of these proteins leading to the onset of Alzheimer’s disease.

“Alzheimer’s disease may in some circumstances be transmitted by neurosurgery instruments,” worries John Collinge. However, he ended on a reassuring tone:

“I think it is important that we continue research on this and develop new ways to eliminate these elements in order to avoid any risk of contamination.” And the neurosurgeon finally advances wise advice: “No one should have a neurosurgery operation as a result of that.”

Much remains to be done before we can determine with certainty whether or not Alzheimer’s disease is contagious.

William Stiff

A graduate of Georgia State University and a registered practitioner with the Physical Therapy Association of Georgia, William has held a long career as a physical therapist and has maintained a life-long interest in medical research and discovery. He writes for Micell News during his spare time, submitting a story whenever he comes across research that he feels is worth reporting. Outside of his career, William is also a passionate woodworker and painter.

3286 Heavner Avenue, Conyers Georgia, 30207
Ph: 770-785-5619
Email: [email protected]
William Stiff
Continue Reading

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